In Sikkim, most of the area is kept fallow after rice due to non-availability of irrigation water and/or soil moisture during winter season. Generally, most of the farmers in Sikkim follow mono-cropping, hence, the cropping intensity of the state is very low (118 per cent). Similarly, farmers’ of the state leave their land fallow during rabi season instead of growing any crop after harvest of kharif crop. There is scope to enhance the cropping intensity of the state by exploring the best possible cropping system (Maize-Black gram-Yellow sarson/ Buckwheat) through resource conserving technologies (RCTs) like zero tillage by retaining some part of preceding crop stubble (at least 30%) and utilizing the residual soil moisture of kharif crop. ICAR-KVK East Sikkim successfully demonstrated zero-till yellow sarson cultivation in succession of kharif crop on 14th March, 2017 at KVK Marchak Farm, East Sikkim.
The programme was organized with the leadership of Dr. R. K. Avasthe, Joint Director, ICAR-NOFRI, Tadong, Sikkim and guided by Programme Coordinator (I/c), KVK East Sikkim, Dr. Raghavendra Singh.
Joint Director, ICAR-NOFRI, Tadong, Sikkim addressed the thirty numbers of progressive yellow sarson growers that yellow sarson under zero- tillage can be a climate resilient crop option which can be grown with the residual soil moisture. By adopting zero tillage, the farmers can increase the productivity, reduce cost of cultivation, increase the cropping intensity and earn an additional income with less effort. No tillage also helps in advancement of sowing on conserved soil moisture, hence, saves tillage cost, time and the soil is protected from erosion due to the retention of surface residue and increased organic matter accumulation.
Dr. J.K. Singh SMS (Plant Breeding) elaborated the farmers about the technology of cropping system of Maize-Black gram-Yellow sarson/Buckwheat and its use. Farmers were also given technical knowhow on yellow sarson crops cultivation under zero tillage system.
Dr. P. K. Pathak, SMS (Animal Science), Sh. Boniface Lepcha, SMS (Horticulture) and Ms. Pallabi Phukan, SMS (Agril. Extension) interacted with the farmers in their respective fields for entrepreneurship development through the adoption of improved RCT and organic technologies.
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